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Noak Bridge Primary SchoolExcellence, Growth, Achievement.

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Geography Curriculum

Our Geography Curriculum

 

Our Geography curriculum ensures we have covered the skills and knowledge required to meet the aims of the National Curriculum. The content allows for a broader, deeper understanding of the four areas of geography, identified in the curriculum (locational and place knowledge / human and physical geography / geographical skills and fieldwork). It aims to develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places and understanding of the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, along with how they bring about variation and change over time. We intend to develop children’s curiosity and a fascination of the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. There are opportunities for investigating places around the world as well as physical and human processes. The lessons are intended to improve children’s geographical vocabulary, map skills and geographical facts and provide opportunities for consolidation, challenge, and variety to ensure interest and progress.

 

In KS1, children begin to use maps and recognise physical and human features to do with our school, the local area, building to using maps to explore the continents and oceans of the world in year 2. Further, in year 2, children will begin to compare where they live to places outside of Europe and ask and answer geographical questions. In KS2, map skills are developed further using digital maps, more keys and symbols and children begin to use more fieldwork skills. Through revisiting and consolidating skills, our lessons and resources help children build on prior knowledge alongside introducing new skills and challenge. All children expand on their skills in local knowledge, place knowledge, human and physical geography, geographical skills and fieldwork. Across both key stages, children have a range of opportunities to experience geography through practical engaging tasks beyond the classroom. Key vocabulary are also highlighted, to be used by children to deepen their geographical knowledge.

Our Geography Curriculum

Level expected at the End of EYFS

We have selected the Early Learning Goals that link most closely to the Geography National Curriculum:

 

Understanding the World

  • Children draw information from a simple map.
  • Recognise some similarities and differences between life in this country and life in other countries.
  • Explore the natural world around them.
  • Describe what they see, hear and fell whilst outside.
  • Recognise some environments that are different to the one in which they live.
  • Understand the effect of changing seasons on the natural world around them.

 

Key Stage 1 National Curriculum 

Locational Knowledge

Pupils should be taught to:

  • name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans;
  • name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

Place Knowledge

Pupils should be taught to:

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

Human and Physical Geography

Pupils should be taught to:

  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of   hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles;
  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

-  key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean,
  river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather;

-  key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port,
  harbour and shop.

Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

Pupils should be taught to:

  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage;
  • use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language [for example, near and far; left and right], to describe the location of features and routes on a map;
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key;
  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.

 

Key Stage 2 National Curriculum Expectations

Locational Knowledge

Pupils should be taught to:

  • locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities;
  • name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time;
  • identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle,  the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night).

Place Knowledge

Pupils should be taught to:

  • understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America.

Human and Physical Geography

Pupils should be taught to:

  • describe and understand key aspects of:

-   physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers,
 mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle;

-   human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity 
 including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, 
 minerals and water.

Geographical Skills and Fieldwork

Pupils should be taught to:

  • use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied;
  • use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world;
  • use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features   in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.
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